Codex Gigas (A Bilblia do Diabo)

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Codex Gigas (A Bilblia do Diabo)

Mensagem por Amitiel Pandora em Sab Nov 12, 2011 10:56 pm

"The Codex Gigas or the Devil’s Bible at the National Library in Stockholm is famous for two features. First, it is reputed to be the biggest surviving European manuscript. (Codex Gigas means ‘giant book’.) Secondly, it contains a large, full page portrait of the Devil.

The Codex Gigas contains five long texts as well as a complete Bible. The manuscript begins with the Old Testament, and it is followed by two historical works by Flavius Josephus who lived in the first century AD. These are The Antiquities and The Jewish War.
After Josephus is the most popular Encyclopaedia of the middle ages, by Isidore, who lived in the sixth century in Spain. This is followed by a collection of medical works, and these are followed by the New Testament.
The last of the long works is a Chronicle of Bohemia by Cosmas from Prague (ca 1045-1125). This is the first history of Bohemia and important work.
There are also some short texts in the manuscript. The first, before the picture of the Heavenly City, is a work on penitence. The second, after the Devil portrait, is on exorcising evil spirits. The last important short work is a Calendar, containing a list of saints and local Bohemian persons on the days on which they were commemorated. There is also one lost work, on leaves that have been cut out of the manuscript, the Rule of St Benedict, the essential guide to monastic life written in the sixth century.
The most important book of Christianity is the Bible. The other texts in the Codex Gigas were carefully chosen to accompany it because together they provided information about Jewish history (Josephus), universal knowledge (Isidore), medicine, and local history (Cosmas).

The Codex Gigas has 310 parchment leaves, perhaps made from calfskins. The pages are now 890 mm tall by 490 mm wide, and this probably makes the Codex Gigas the biggest medieval European Latin manuscript to have survived. Each leaf was foliated at the centre of each recto in ink, probably in the seventeenth century, perhaps after the manuscript was brought to Sweden.
The texts were written on ruled guide lines, with an arrangement of two columns of 106 lines per column on each page. The manuscript was written and decorated (and this includes all of the initials, from the elaborate to the plain, as well as the full page illustrations showing the Heavenly City and the Devil portrait) by one scribe-artist. No other work of his has been identified and where he was trained is unknown.

The Codex Gigas was all written by one scribe in a late version of a script known as carolingian minuscule. (This is easy to read as the script is very like the letters we use today in books, magazines and newspapers.) The letters are between 3 and 2.5 millimetres tall and these are very small for such a big book. However, by writing small and having many lines on a page, the scribe could fit all the texts he wrote onto a manageable number of leaves.

It is very difficult to estimate how long it took the scribe to write the manuscript. The scribe could have written one column in the Codex Gigas, 106 lines, in a day. If the scribe worked for six hours a day and wrote six days a week this means that the manuscript could have taken about five years to complete. If the scribe was a monk he may only have been able to work for about three hours a day, and this means that the manuscript could have taken ten years to write. As the scribe may also have ruled the lines to guide the writing before he began to write (it probably took several hours to rule one leaf), this extends the period it took to complete the manuscript. The scribe also decorated the manuscript, so this all means that the manuscript probably took at least twenty years to finish, and could even have taken thirty.

The manuscript is enclosed by thick wooden boards covered with tawed (white) skin. The covers are elaborately decorated in blind, one of the most prominent tools being that of a crown, but none of the tools have been found elsewhere. Both covers also have pierced metal furniture, four corner pieces, each containing two griffins, and one centre piece, each with a circular raised part (boss) on which the book would rest when closed. The back cover has two additional pieces, each with a pierced raised element, probably to allow the Codex Gigas to be chained or attached in some way to a piece of library furniture. The date of this metal furniture is uncertain, but some of it probably dates from before the present binding.
The leaves of the manuscript were repaired with parchment and the present binding made in 1819 by a Stockholm binder named Samuel Sandman. The binder was paid a total of 78 riksdaler for his materials and work. (In 1820 a cow could cost 45 riksdaler, and this gives some idea of the value of Sandman’s work.) However, the wooden boards were probably reused from the first binding, made soon after the manuscript had been completed, in the early thirteenth century."



Há meses atrás vi um documentário... O mistério continua. Os cientistas não conseguiram provar que o livro foi escrito por várias pessoas. As análises efectuadas ao manuscrito indicam que a pressão de escrita e material (tinta, penas, etc.) foram sempre as mesmas. Não deve ter sido exactamente por estas palavras, que ouvi nesse mesmo recente documentário, mas a ideia era que "mesmo sendo uma unica pessoa a faze-lo demoraria mais de 20 anos, supondo que trabalha-se 24h, para fazer tal manuscrito", o que claro está é impossivel... O mito mantém-se. Que o manuscrito foi escrito numa só noite com ajuda sobrenatural.


Imagens do Codex Gigas

Spoiler:




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Amitiel Pandora

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Re: Codex Gigas (A Bilblia do Diabo)

Mensagem por Andre em Sab Nov 12, 2011 11:16 pm

Fiquei sem palavras...
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Andre

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Re: Codex Gigas (A Bilblia do Diabo)

Mensagem por Amitiel Pandora em Sab Nov 12, 2011 11:20 pm

É um dos meus tesourinhos é *.*

Para mais informações:
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Amitiel Pandora

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Re: Codex Gigas (A Bilblia do Diabo)

Mensagem por Ichabod em Seg Nov 21, 2011 10:43 pm

Acho piada como o segundo encadernador se chama Samuel SANDMAN. O Orpheus tinha q ter a mão nisto, claro Razz de resto... hmmm, cheira-me a fake.
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Ichabod

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Re: Codex Gigas (A Bilblia do Diabo)

Mensagem por bearded Monalisa em Seg Maio 14, 2012 12:39 am

Eu acho que também vi o mesmo documentário. Este não é aquele livro que está em código e ainda ninguém conseguiu decifrar?
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bearded Monalisa

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Re: Codex Gigas (A Bilblia do Diabo)

Mensagem por Criador de Sonhos em Qui Jun 07, 2012 9:21 pm

Olá

já agora para os interessados podem visualizar o livro completo aqui:

http://www.wdl.org/pt/item/3042/zoom/#group=1&page=6

Até breve
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Re: Codex Gigas (A Bilblia do Diabo)

Mensagem por Amitiel Pandora em Sex Jun 29, 2012 9:32 pm

@bearded Monalisa: ha efectivamente algumas partes do livro que ainda nao conseguiram decifrar. Mas a grande maioria esta em latim.

@Criador de Sonhos: -.-' eu andei meses feita estupida ha procura do livro inteiro.... e a tentar arranja lo...... thanks Criador de Sonhos! Very Happy:D:D nem sabes o quanto me fizes te feliz!
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Amitiel Pandora

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Re: Codex Gigas (A Bilblia do Diabo)

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